<-- "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> Pengangkatan Putri Mahkota dan Indikasi Pergeseran Konsep Kuasa Jawa: Analisis Pendahuluan | Dewi | Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya

Pengangkatan Putri Mahkota dan Indikasi Pergeseran Konsep Kuasa Jawa: Analisis Pendahuluan

Kurniawati Hastuti Dewi

Abstract


Tulisan ini menganalisis pemberian gelar baru oleh Sultan HB X kepada GKR Pembayun sebagai GKR Mangkubumi yang menandai pengangkatannya sebagai putri mahkota Keraton Yogyakarta, dan dipercaya akan menjadi penerus tahta. Tulisan ini menggarisbawahi hal itu sebagai tanda pergeseran konsep kuasa Jawa kontemporer, khususnya terkait peran dan posisi perempuan. Jika pada masa lalu, konsep kuasa Jawa mempersepsikan laki-laki, sebagai yang paling mampu memiliki kuasa, maka saat ini perempuan juga telah dopisisikan sebagai yang memiliki potensi kuasa sejajar dengan laki-laki. Perempuan yang dahulu berada pada posisi pinggiran, dibutuhkan karena fungsi prokreasi (reproduksi) untuk melahirkan keturunan. Kini, perempuan telah dipercaya mampu memegang kuasa dan menjadi pemimpin dalam kosmologi Jawa. Tulisan ini juga menengarai adanya babak baru dalam hubungan Hindu-Islam dalam perkembangan Kerajaan Mataram kontemporer: dari yang dulu secara ekplisit lekat dengan kultur dan nilai Islam, kini menjadi lebih netral. Justru di tengah fenomena Islamisasi sosial yang menguat saat ini, Keraton Yogyakarta nampaknya ingin menunjukkan posisi publiknya yang netral. Pergeseran konsep kuasa Jawa sedemikian terjadi karena Keraton Yogyakarta tumbuh berkembang dalam konteks kekinian berupa globalisasi, kuatnya Islamisasi sosial, demokratisasi, dan kesetaraan gender.
Kata kunci: gelar baru, perempuan, kuasa Jawa, kontemporer.


This paper analyses the awarding new title to GKR Pembayun as GKR Mangkubumi, daughter of Sultan HB X of Yogyakarta Court, which indicates her promotion as Crown Princess the next successor of Yogyakarta Court. This paper highlighted that the new title indicates changes in Javanese concept on power especialy in relations to women’s role and position. In the past, according to Javanese concept of power, men are perceived as the most suitable and appropriate figure to posess power, now women also perceived as having the same potential as men to posess power. While in past, women are in peripheral position merely due to pro-creation (reproductive) function. Now, women are believed to be able possess power and be a leader in Javanese cosmology. This paper also indicates a new phase of Hindu-Islam relationship within the development of Yogyakarta Court in contemporary Java: from very close relationship with Islamic value and norms, into more neutral. In fact, under the rising of social Islamization phenomenon, Yogyakarta Court shows it has neutral position publicly above all religion. All of these changes occurred because the growth of Yogyakarta Court has been surrounding by the current context and challenges of globalization, social Islamisation, democratization, and gender equality.
Keywords: new title, women, Javanese concept of power, contemporary.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/jmb.v19i1.398

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